Data Courtesy of Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
PIT Tag Adult Return Queries
Methods and Query Notes
New analysis process implemented August 2017.
Adult PIT Tag Data for Analysis
On a daily basis, DART retrieves and uploads release and detection updates from PTAGIS. DART has developed a Life Stage Filter, ESU/DPS Filter, and Transportation Filter that are applied to all releases and detections. Based on DART categorizations of PIT Tagged fish and user-selections, a list of qualifying Tag IDs at the selected Adult Fish Ladder Project is generated and the full detection history is generated for ascent and attempt analysis. Required: categorized as "adult" detection by DART and not released in the same calendar year as detection. Release year exception: if included by user, fish tagged at BONAFF, Bonneville Adult Fish Facility or LGRLDR, Lower Granite Fish Ladder.
Adult Fish Ladder site configurations are based on information retrieved daily from PTAGIS and converted into the CBR Site Configuration file used by multiple analysis programs.
At this time, the ascent and fallback analysis covers the site configurations for:
- Bonneville (BO1, BO2, BO3, BO4) 2006 to present
- McNary (MC1, MC2) 2006 to present
- Lower Granite (GRA) 2016 to present.
Determination of Ascents and Attempted Ascents
- A sequence of detections of a tag on a ladder are determined to be an ascent if:
- The tag is first detected on the entry coils,
- The "final detection" on the ladder is at an exit coil.
- A detection is considered the "final detection" if:
- It is the last detection for that tag
- The next detection following a detection at an exit coil is at an entry coil (see exceptions for Bonneville below).
- The next detection is at a different ladder (see exceptions for Bonneville below).
- If the final detection is not at an exit coil, it is considered an attempted ascent.
|Project||Ladder||Entry Coils||Exit Coils|
|McNary||MC1||0E, 0D, 0F, 10, 11, 12||01, 02|
|MC2||0E, 0F, 10, 11, 12, 13||01, 02, 03|
|Lower Granite||GRA||B1, B2, B3, B4||A1, A2|
|Bonneville||BO1||04, 0F, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 1F, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24a||01, 02|
|BO2||0F, 10||01, 02, 03, 04 b|
|BO3||17, 18||01, 02, 03, 04 b|
|BO4||01, 02, 03, 04||01, 02, 03, 04|
Special Processing for Bonneville
- Ladder BO1 is stand-alone and is treated like the ladders at other projects.
- Ladders BO2 and BO3 feed into BO4, thus for an ascent at BO2 and BO3, a fish must be ultimately detected in BO4.
- Fish can backtrack from BO4 back down into BO2 and BO3, and then go back up into BO4. Thus if a fish in BO4 backs down into the "top coils" of BO2 or BO3, this is considered part of the same ascent — not a new ascent.
- Top coils for BO2: 01, 02, 03, 04
- Top coils for BO3: 01, 02, 03, 04
- Some fish are only detected in BO4, presumably adults that are tagged and released into BO4. For these fish, all detections at BO4 are considered part of a valid ascent.
In monitoring adult salmon fallback rates in real time, ideally one would like to know when fallback events occurred. Unfortunately, with only PIT-tag detection data available, we know when fish ascended the ladder but not when a fallback event occurred. For example, we might see a fish ascend through the ladder on day 1, only to see it reascend on day 4. We do not know when during that four-day period the fallback actually occurred. The practical problem is on what day the fallback event should be assigned when monitoring for changes in fallback rates over time.
A not totally satisfactory solution is to base fallback metrics on the date of known ladder ascent. This is not a perfect solution but, again, few other solutions exist and so far, none better. The consequence of this choice of data summary is that any relationship between daily fallback rates and environmental or operational covariates with be somewhat muddled.
- N = number of unique fish to ascend the ladder or project
- F = number of N that fall back - i.e., are seen ascending the same project, or attempting to ascend, on a later day
- M = total number of ascents subsequently made by the N fish
- P = fallback rate = F/N
- R = Average number of ascents per fish = M/N
- Ascent: A fish seen at the entrance coils of the ladder, and subsequently and finally seen at the exit coils of the ladder.
- Attempted ascent: A fish seen at the entrance coils of the ladder but not seen finally at the exit coils; thus, a fish seen at the entrance, then seen at the exit, and finally seen further downstream in the ladder is counted as an attempted ascent.
- Ignored: In general this is a fish with limited or inconclusive detection history. A fish seen only at the exit coils of the ladder or with only 1 detection.
Notes on what fish are included in the N unique fish
- For one ladder on one day, N is the number of unique fish to ascend the ladder on that day. The ascent day is defined by the day the fish exited the ladder.
- Project-wide on a day, N is the number of unique fish to ascend the project on any ladder for that day.
- Season-wide for a ladder, N is the number of unique fish to ascend the ladder over the entire season.
- Season-wide for a project, N is the number of unique fish to ascend the project on any ladder over the entire season.
- One given fish can be counted more than once. For example if a fish ascends a ladder on days 1, 3, and 4,
- For day 1, it will contribute 1 count to N, 1 to F and 3 to M.
- For day 3, it will contribute 1 count to N, 1 to F and 2 to M.
- For day 4, it will contribute 1 count to N, 0 to F, and 1 to M.
- One given fish can be counted differently across ladders of a project. If a fish ascends ladder 1 on day 1, ladder 2 on day 4 and ladder 1 on day 6,
- For ladder 1, day 1, it will contribute 1 count to N, 1 to F, and 3 to M.
- For ladder 2, day 4, it will contribute 1 count to N, 1 to F, and 2 to M.
- For ladder 1, day 6, it will contribute 1 count to N, 0 to F, and 1 to M.
- Due to points 1 and 2 above, the project statistics for a given day cannot be inferred from the sum of statistics for the individual ladders on that day.
- Similarly, the season-wide statistics cannot be inferred from the sum of the daily statistics.
- During the season, statistics for previous days are updated retroactively. For example, if a fish that initially ascended on day 1 is seen ascending again on day 4, the day 4 calculations will update the statistics for day 1.
- Season-wide, project-wide estimates are the only parameters estimated absolutely. All other measures should be regarded as only indices of fallback behavior.
Notes on the DART PIT TAG Dataset
On a daily basis, we upload a daily file from PTAGIS, the primary source, into the Columbia River DART PIT TAG dataset. The Columbia River DART PIT TAG dataset does not include orphan tags (tags that have been detected but are not yet associated with a particular release). On a weekly basis, we synchronize the Columbia River DART PIT TAG dataset with year-to-date data from PTAGIS.
- PIT Tag Release Sites - report includes Site Code, Site Name, River KM, and Hydrounit
- PIT Tag "Standard" Species, Run, Rear Type Combinations (as reported by PSMFC)
- 2009 PIT Tag Specification Document
- PTAGIS Interrogation Site Metadata